endometriosis cysts

UNDERSTANDING ENDOMETRIOSIS CYSTS:
KNOW ABOUT SYMPTOMS, DIAGNOSIS, AND TREATMENTS HERE

Endometriosis cysts

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INTRODUCTION

An endometrial cyst is also popularly referred to as an endometriosis cyst, chocolate cyst, or ovarian endometrioma. On average, around 20% to 40% of women suffering from endometriosis in the United States of America are diagnosed with endometriosis cyst.

Endometriosis is a common gynecological disorder where the endometrial tissues of the uterus somehow reach out to the surrounding pelvic region, say, the bladder, fallopian tubes, and the ovaries giving rise to an array of medical complications like infertility. In some rare cases, the endometrial tissues reach up the lungs and brain as well.

The tissues forming the inner lining of the uterus are called the endometrium. When tissues akin to the endometrial tissues get to the ovary and start forming lumps or cysts, then the person is said to be suffering from an endometrial cyst. The endometriosis cysts are benign and non-cancerous. They are filled with a dark, almost chocolate-colored fluid and can affect either one or both the ovaries of the individual suffering from it.

WHAT CAUSES ENDOMETRIOSIS CYSTS?

Endometriosis cysts are a manifestation or subtype of endometriosis. Even though there are no substantial pieces of evidence to establish what are the exact endometriosis cyst causes, the following theories are widely accepted by doctors in different parts of the world:

  • Reversing menstruation is often considered to be a possible reason behind endometriosis. The backflow of the menstrual blood might disperse the endometrial tissue carried with it to the surrounding regions like the fallopian tubes and the ovaries.
  • Peritoneal cell modification is the alteration of the cells lining the inner pelvic region into endometrial cells. This phenomenon is also referred to as the ‘induction theory’. This occurrence takes place due to multiple factors like low immunity and hormonal imbalance.
  • Implantation on surgery scars means that during surgical procedures like a c-section the endometrial tissues can get stuck to the scars and later on start multiplying leading to endometriosis.
  • Transformation of embryonic cells takes place when due to the effect of hormones like estrogen, the embryonic cells get transformed into endometrial cells when the woman reaches puberty.
  • Immune system disorders can lead to the body failing to recognize the abnormal growth in endometrial tissues inside it. Therefore the body makes no effort to fight against its growth.

endometriosis cyst

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WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF ENDOMETRIOSIS CYSTS?

The endometriosis cyst symptoms might be hardly visible in most of the women suffering from it. Some of the tell-tale signs and symptoms of endometrial cysts are:

  • Heavy periods
  • Painful cramps during periods
  • Severe abdominal pain which is unrelated to the menses
  • Irregularity in the menstrual cycle
  • Pain during engaging in sexual intercourse
  • Issues related to fertility

Endometrial tissues present in the ovary or ovaries regularly come to the shedding stage associated with the menstrual cycle due to changes in estrogen levels in the female body. But there is no outlet to drain out this blood. Consequently, the cysts get inflamed and fill up the fluid from the shedding endometrial tissues. This fluid has a dark chocolate-like color. When the cysts are filled up with the fluid, they burst giving rise to intense pelvic pain.

ADVERSE EFFECTS OF ENDOMETRIAL CYSTS

Endometriosis cysts can lead to the following complications in a woman suffering from it.

  • Unexplained infertility
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Severe and chronic pelvic aches
  • Malfunctioning of the ovaries due to damage

endometriosis cyst

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Normally, a biopsy is required to confirm that the disease is an endometriosis cyst or endometriosis in general.

TREATMENT OF ENDOMETRIOSIS CYSTS

Endometriosis can be treated in a multitude of ways but can’t be cured permanently. Doctors recommend the following as effective endometriosis cyst treatment methods:

  • Hormonal birth control pills might be prescribed to women who are not planning pregnancy anytime soon. Birth control is of two types, named extended and continuous. The doctor might put the woman on either of them as per her medical specifications.
  • UIDs or intrauterine devices can also help in relieving pelvic aches by disrupting the menstrual cycle for some time. But this isn’t a viable option in the long run.
  • Surgery is for those women who have reached a severe stage of endometriosis or when the medications are not working. Also, it is for women who want to start a family but face difficulties in conceiving due to the underlying condition of endometriosis. Surgeries should be considered as the last option since they can have severe effects on the woman’s body leading to further complications.
  • Another popular method is the use of gonadotropic hormone inhibitors. The medications are useful in inducing a state of temporary menopause which in turn helps in lowering the estrogen levels and keeps a check on the growth of endometrial tissues.

The treatment prescribed to the women is based on numerous factors like their age, the severity of symptoms if either or both of the ovaries are affected, and whether they plan on getting pregnant at any point in the future.

CONCLUSION

endometriosis cysts

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Getting diagnosed with endometriosis cysts can turn out to be a life-changing event for most women. Recurrence of the cysts is a normal phenomenon even after undergoing surgery. In general, one can only manage endometriosis and diminish the symptoms with the aid of a proper diet, sufficient rest, and exercise in their day-to-day life. Unfortunately, there is no way to cure endometriosis yet.

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