Endometriosis cancer

ENDOMETRIAL CANCER OR ENDOMETRIOSIS CANCER?

INTRODUCTION

Endometriosis cancer does not exist. Endometriosis is just a condition with extremely low chances of developing into cancer, we would explore that as we move ahead. Endometrial cancer is confused with ‘endometriosis cancer.’ Endometrial cancer is cancer that begins in the lining of the uterus. On the other hand, endometriosis is just a condition in which the tissues that are supposed to grow inside the uterus, begin growing outside of it causing several other issues. It has an extremely low risk of turning into cancer so people without this condition are more or less at the same risk of developing cancer.

 

WHAT IS ENDOMETRIOSIS?

Endometriosis is a disorder or condition in which the tissues which are supposed to grow or develop inside of your uterus to form the lining, start to grow outside of it. The tissues would start extending to fallopian tubes, intestines, and even ovaries causing troubles with the period cycle and other issues like painful cramps. It is rarely found outside the pelvic area and endometriosis has also been reported to be found in the liver, brain, lungs, and regions where surgeries were conducted in the past.

Causes of endometriosisExact cause of endometriosis is not known. There are several hypothetical causes

  • The blood flowing back into the fallopian tubes rather than leaving the body through the vagina causes it.
  • Another hypothesis states that hormonal imbalance causes the cell which in turn form the tissues to grow outside the uterus.
  • There is one that states that the cells in the abdomen area known as embryonic cells start acting like endometrial cells, the exact reason for this is also not known but could be due to the flow of menstrual blood through cesarean scars.
  • Others believe that it could be genetics like most other conditions and other environmental reasons could also be there.

Symptoms of endometriosisThe symptoms are different for different people and their intensity could also differ. It could be mild for a few and extreme for others.

  • Painful period cramps
  • Heavy flow during periods or bleeding between two cycles.
  • Infertility
  • Painful intercourse
  • Pain and discomfort during the passage of bowels
  • Pain in the lower back during periods
  • Irregular periods
  • Nausea and constipation could also be a symptom

Treatment of endometriosisThe treatment of endometriosis includes a lot of different things from self-care rituals to medication to surgeries, if needed. The aim of any kind of treatment used is relief from the ongoing symptoms and it could be to boost fertility since the extreme stage of endometriosis results in infertility and infertility is also a common symptom of endometriosis.

  • Medication – Medication for endometriosis functions on basic principles like readjusting levels of hormones to block periods and help out with symptoms that could result in side effects like hot flashes, mood swings, acne, and many other hormonal levels are changed with these medicines. Some common medicines include
  1. ibuprofen for pain-related symptoms
  2. gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists to decrease the production of estrogen by the ovaries as it stops periods and helps with pain
  3. progestins could be taken by women who cannot take birth control pills
  4. Danazol is a drug that increases male hormones and decreases female hormones by interfering with ovulation and other ovarian procedures.
  5. Self-care – There are little things you could do at home to make yourself feel better, it does not biologically or medically help your body or your condition but physically it might help, for example, it might decrease your cramps during menstruation.

Usage of hot water bottles or heating pads is extremely common to cause the relief to the ovarian region during menstruation. It could be useful for tolerable cramps which could be suppressed without the use of medication.

  • Surgery and other procedures – Surgeries could include laser surgery to remove the extra tissues and it is done in extreme cases where medication did not help. Another procedure involves removal of the uterus which means inability to get pregnant in the future, so it is the last resort after everything before this has failed to yield results.
  • Please consult a doctor before any medication or making up your mind for any treatment as hormones and fertility could be a tricky thing and you would not want to mess it up even more,

     

WHAT IS ENDOMETRIAL CANCER?

Before we start, endometriosis does not lead to endometrial cancer. It might lead to infertility but it is not cancerous. It is also associated with the uterus, just like endometriosis, and begins in the inner lining of it. It is also called uterine cancer and is often detected at an early stage due to abnormal bleeding.{1}

Symptoms of endometrial cancer could include fluctuations with the flow of periods, bleeding in between two consecutive menstrual cycles, bleeding even after menopause, pain in the pelvic region, painful intercourse, and other related symptoms. Symptoms of endometrial are very similar to symptoms of endometriosis.

Stages of endometrial cancer –

  • In stage I, cancer is only present in the uterus.
  • In stage II, it isn’t confined to the uterus and spreads to the cervix too.
  • In stage III, cancer spreads beyond the uterus, to the vagina, ovaries, and other places but not far enough to reach the pelvic or rectum region.
  • In stage IV, it spreads enough to reach the rectum and bladder region.

It is diagnosed by scans, ultrasounds, biopsy, and other procedures.

Causes of endometrial got be genetic and environmental factors that lead to hormonal imbalances and ovaries produce female sex hormones, way more than male sex hormones and as a result, the lining of the uterus does not shed but become thick and keeps growing.

Treatments for endometrial cancer – The treatment plan which would be recommended by a doctor would be based on your medical history, family history, age, other relevant details, and the stage of the stage.{2}

  • Surgery – Hysterectomy is a procedure that results in the removal of the uterus. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is another such procedure that results in the removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes, both the surgeries could be conducted together. The last type of similar removal surgery is lymphadenectomy which results in the removal of nearby or affected lymph nodes.
  • Radiation therapy – It uses beams of extremely high energy to destroy cancer cells. There is external and internal radiation therapy available. As the name suggests, external aims outside the body and internal focus on inside the body. Tumors might also be shrunk before the radiation therapy to make it easier.
  • Chemotherapy – This is the most known kind of treatment for cancer, it involves the usage of heavy and powerful drugs to kill or destroy cancer cells. It could be oral or in IV form depending on the stage.
  • Hormone therapy – This includes balancing hormones in a way that ceases the growth of endometrial cells.

CONCLUSION

We hope you know that endometriosis isn’t cancer or even cancerous enough and it could be treated in multiple ways and endometrial cancer is unfortunately very common but a good research domain by medical science to help you come through.

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